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Skincare: what your products do and how they work.

Your skin is amazing.


It's your body's largest organ, shielding against solar radiation, physical damage, harmful substances, chemicals, and moisture loss. It also turns sunlight into vitamin D, allows you to touch and feel, and regulates your body temperature.


I could go on; the list is (almost) endless.


Protecting and managing skin health requires time, understanding, and care. Most people have some form of skin routine, whether they apply five products a day or one a week.

But what do these products do? How do they impact your skin, and what issues do they help solve?


What five popular products do for your skin


Navigating the skincare product landscape can be overwhelming, with each product claiming significant benefits. Here's a straightforward explanation of what five popular skincare products do for your skin:


Cleansers:


For clogged pores and acne


These are essential for removing dirt, oil, and other impurities from the skin's surface. A good cleanser clears the way for different skincare products, allowing them to work more effectively without stripping the skin of its natural oils. Choosing the right cleanser involves finding one that effectively cleans without causing dryness or irritation.


Moisturizers:


For dryness and skin barrier damage


These products are crucial for all skin types to help hydrate and maintain the skin's moisture barrier. They prevent dryness, manage sensitivity, and can improve skin texture. Ingredients to look for include hyaluronic acid, which hydrates the skin, and ceramides, which help restore the skin's barrier.


Sunscreens:


For sunburn, sun damage, and premature ageing


Sunscreen is essential for protecting the skin from the damaging effects of UV radiation, either by blocking, reflecting, or absorbing it. Regular use can prevent signs of ageing and reduce the risk of skin cancer. Modern sunscreens are designed to offer broad-spectrum protection without the unpleasant texture of past formulations, making them easier to incorporate into your daily routine.


Exfoliants:


For dullness and uneven texture


These products help to remove dead skin cells, promoting cell turnover and revealing healthier, brighter skin underneath. Chemical exfoliants like AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids) and BHAs (beta hydroxy acids) work by loosening the bonds between dead skin cells, while physical exfoliants mechanically remove them. Exfoliating can improve skin texture and tone but should be done carefully to avoid over-exfoliation.


Serums:


For specific concerns like fine lines, dark spots, and dehydration


Serums are concentrated treatments that target specific skin concerns such as ageing, hydration, brightening, or calming. They contain active ingredients like vitamin C for brightening, retinol for ageing, and salicylic acid for acne. Serums can offer significant benefits due to their potent formulations but should be selected based on your unique skin needs.


Consider your skincare routine.


Understanding the purpose and benefits of these skincare products can help you tailor your routine to better suit your skin's needs, leading to healthier and more radiant skin.


Skincare is personal, and finding the right products requires patience and experimentation. With knowledge and care, you can develop a routine that supports your skin's health and appearance.


It is always a good idea to consult a professional before incorporating any product into your skincare routine and be wary of overpriced or overpromising products.


In another of our articles, ' Skincare doesn't have to be complicated ', we discussed getting acquainted with your skin, identifying issues, and starting a routine.

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